How CiteStack™ Works

Together, CiteStackô and Google's Chrome browser enable you to capture, cite, and organize your legal research using Google Scholar's extensive and free case law database. Save selections from cases, and organize the selections according to case and issue. You can annotate your research, and CiteStack automatically creates pincites.

CiteStack and Google's Chrome browser enable you to capture, cite, and organize your legal research using Google Scholar's case law database. CiteStack has three basic elements:

  • Cites — A Cite contains text you selected from a case, optional annotations you enter, and a pinpoint citation. You can have an unlimited number of Cites.
    View a sample Cite.
  • The Stack — The Stack is a collection of Cites, organized into "Projects." You define what the projects are - you can have one project per client, per brief, per issue . . . use your preferred organizing scheme.
    View a sample Stack.
  • The Stack Report — The Stack Report is a document containing all the information in you Stack, including all of the cases and Cites for all your projects, ready to be copied and pasted into your word processor.
    View a sample Stack Report.

CiteStack is an extension to Google's Chrome browser. In order to run CiteStack, you must first install Chrome. When you do legal research using Google's Scholar site, CiteStack interacts with Scholar to save your results. For example, if you highlight a selection in a case, CiteStack automatically captures the selection and generates a pincite for you. You determine whether and where to add the selection and its pincite, and you can save an annotation as well. Nothing is saved unless you chose to add it to the Stack.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar allows you to search and read opinions for federal and state courts using Google's familiar search tools. Coverage is broad: U.S. Supreme Court cases go back to 1791, U.S. district court decisions go back to at least 1923, and state supreme court and appellate court decisions go to 1950. To view these coverage details, or to check for updates, visit the Scholar Help page.

"All together, many lawyers have concluded that Google Scholar is a great place to conduct preliminary research, or to review new cases that have not yet been affected by precedent. Using free services first can help narrow and focus your subsequent search in a commercial publisher, saving some money in search fees. And because it's Google, we should expect to see more features and coverage in the future."
- Quote from "Google Scholar: A New Way to Search for Cases and Related Legal Publications", By Courtney Minick and David Tsai. Published by The Bar Association of San Francisco

To learn more about Google Scholar, review The Official Google Blog - "Finding the law that governs us."

    A Case in Scholar

    This image shows the Specht v. Netscape case in Google Scholar. This case can be found by going to and searching by case name, citation or keywords (e.g. "shrink wrap license").

    Starting CiteStack

    Once you are viewing a case in Scholar, click the orange "Id." icon that appeared to the right of Chrome's address bar when you installed CiteStack. Review our FAQs for instructions on installing CiteStack.

    The "Cite" Tab

    The "Cite" tab pulls information from Scholar. Any text in the case you select with your mouse automatically appears in CiteStack. You can annotate the selection in the "Notes" field.

    Add this case to your Stack by clicking "Add Case to Stack."

    Add this Cite to your Stack by clicking "Add Cite to Stack."

    The "Stack" Tab

    The "Stack" tab of CiteStack is your Stack of Cites. Here, you can view the case information and that you have saved. You can see the projects you have defined.

    You can drill down to the cases in each project and the Cites in each case. As the image illustrates, the Shrink Wrap Licenses project contains three cases. The Specht v. Netscape case in the Shrink Wrap Licenses project contains four Cites.

    The Stack Report

    Generate the Stack Report by clicking the "View Stack Report" button on the Stack tab. This report will display everything in your Stack, including projects, cases, sections within cases, citation information, and notes. You can save the Stack Report as an independent file later use. Also, you can copy from the Stack Report directly into your final work product.

    System Requirements

    CiteStack is an extension, built to work on the Google Chrome web browser. In order to run and install CiteStack, you much install Google Chrome. Google Chrome is a free web browser that allows users to install extensions.

    Learn more about Google Chrome and extensions from Google.

    CiteStack will work on any PC than can run Google Chrome. Currently, CiteStack does not work on a Mac. View the system requirements for Google Chrome to determine whether Google Chrome and CiteStack will work on your computer.