Bluebook Beta

For every case and case selection, CiteStack will provide information needed to create a proper citation, including the page range. For many common reporters, however, CiteStack generate pincites for case selections using the Bluebook format. CiteStack generates correct citations for cases from these courts:
  • U.S. Supreme Court
  • The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
  • Courts of Appeals for the 1st - 11th Circuits and the D.C. Circuit
  • U.S. District Courts
  • State Courts - Selected
Formatting Examples
Supreme Court: Office of Pers. Mgmt. v. Richmond, 496 U.S. 414 (1990).
Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit: Oregon Steel Mills, Inc. v. United States, 862 F.2d 1541 (Fed. Cir. 1988).
The Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit: Natural Res. Def. Council v. NRC, 216 F.3d 1180 (D.C. Cir. 2000).
The Court of Appeals for 1st Circuit: Phillips Exeter Acad. v. Howard Phillips Fund, Inc., 196 F.3d 284 (1st Cir. 1999).
The Court of Appeals for 2nd Circuit: Novak v. Kasaks, 216 F.3d 300 (2d Cir. 2000).
The Court of Appeals for 3rd Circuit: S'holders v. Sound Radio, 109 F.3d 873 (3d Cir. 1997).
The Court of Appeals for 4th Circuit: S.C. State Ports Auth. v. NLRB, 914 F.2d 49 (4th Cir. 1990).
The Court of Appeals for 5th Circuit: Stewart Glass & Mirror, Inc. v. U.S. Auto Glass Disc. Ctrs., Inc., 200 F.3d 307 (5th Cir. 2000).
The Court of Appeals for 6th Circuit: Street v. JC Bradford & Co., 886 F.2d 1472 (6th Cir. 1989).
The Court of Appeals for 7th Circuit: Kennedy v. Nat'l Juvenile Det. Ass'n, 187 F.3d 690 (7th Cir. 1999).
The Court of Appeals for 8th Circuit: Mo. Hous. Dev. Comm'n v. Brice, 919 F.2d 1306 (8th Cir. 1990).
The Court of Appeals for 9th Circuit: Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharm., Inc., 43 F.3d 1311, 1313 (9th Cir. 1995).
The Court of Appeals for 10th Circuit: Dillon v. Fibreboard Corp., 919 F.2d 1488 (10th Cir. 1990).
The Court of Appeals for 11th Circuit: Henry v. Dep't of Corr., 197 F.3d 1361 (11th Cir. 1999).

U.S. District Court Cases

Ala. N.D. Ala. Long v. United States Fidelity and Guaranty Co., 396 F. Supp. 966 (N.D. Ala. 1975).
Ala. M.D. Ala. Wyatt v. Stickney, 325 F. Supp. 781 (M.D. Ala. 1971).
Ala. S.D. Ala. Carmichael v. Samyang Tires, Inc. , 923 F. Supp. 1514 (S.D. Ala. 1996).
Alaska D. Alaska Native Vill. of Venetie v. State of Alaska, 687 F. Supp. 1380, 1382 (D. Alaska 1988).
Ariz. D. Ariz. Corne v. Bausch and Lomb, Inc., 390 F. Supp. 161, 162 (D. Ariz. 1975).
Ark. E.D. Ark. Cross v. BOARD OF ED. OF DOLLARWAY, ARK. SCH. DIST. , 395 F. Supp. 531 (E.D. Ark. 1975).
Ark. W.D. Ark Sierra Club v. Robertson, 784 F. Supp. 593 (W.D. Ark. 1991).
Cal. C.D. Calif. Glen Holly Entm't, Inc. v. Tektronix, Inc. , 100 F. Supp. 2d 1073 (C.D. Calif. 1999).
Cal. N.D. Calif. Informatica v. Bus. Objects Data Integration, 454 F. Supp. 2d 957 (N.D. Calif. 2006).
Cal. S.D. Calif. Lockwood v. Am. Airlines, Inc. , 834 F. Supp. 1246 (S.D. Calif. 1993).
Colo. D. Colo. Lamkin v. Bowen, 721 F. Supp. 263 (D. Colo. 1989).
Conn. D. Conn. In re Martin-Trigona, 573 F. Supp. 1245 (D. Conn. 1983).
D.C. D.D.C. Laffey v. Nw. Airlines, Inc., 366 F. Supp. 763, 764 (Dist. Court, Dist. of Columbia 1973).
Del. D. Del. Issner v. Aldrich, 254 F. Supp. 696 (D. Del. 1966).
Fla. M.D. Fla. Johnson v. City of Arcadia, Fla. , 450 F. Supp. 1363 (Dist. Court, MD Florida, Fort Myers Div. 1978). Note error in court.
Fla. S.D. Fla. Azalea Meats, Inc. v. Muscat, 246 F. Supp. 780 (S.D. Fla. 1965).
Fla. N.D. Fla. Colston v. Pingree, 498 F. Supp. 327 (N.D. Fla. 1980).
Ga. S.D. Ga. Spahos v. Mayor & Councilmen of Savannah Beach, Ga. , 207 F. Supp. 688 (S.D. Ga. 1962).
Ga. N.D. Ga. Sanders v. Gray, 203 F. Supp. 158 (N.D. Ga. 1962).
Ga. M.D. Ga. Potter v. City of Albany, 68 F. Supp. 2d 1360 - Dist. Court, MD Georgia, Albany-Americus Albany-Americus Alban, 1362 (mericus Div. 1999). error
Haw. D. Haw. Palila v. Hawaii Dept. of Land & Natural Res. , 471 F. Supp. 985 (D. Haw. 1979).
Idaho D. Idaho State of Idaho v. Bunker Hill Co. , 635 F. Supp. 665 (D. Idaho 1986).
Ill. N.D. Ill. Perlman v. SWISS BANK CORP. COMP. DISABILITY PROTECTION PLAN, 979 F. Supp. 726 (N.D. Ill. 1997).
Ill. C.D. Ill. Hoes of Am., Inc. v. Hoes, 493 F. Supp. 1205 (C.D. Ill. 1979).
Ill. S.D. Ill. Navajo Freight Lines, Inc. v. Bibb, 159 F. Supp. 385 (S.D. Ill. 1958).
Ind. N.D. Ind IN RE NOV. 1992 SP. GRAND JURY FOR ND IND. , 836 F. Supp. 615 (N.D. Ind. 1993). CAPS
Ind. S.D. Ind. Am. Booksellers Ass'n, Inc. v. Hudnut, 598 F. Supp. 1316 (S.D. Ind. 1984).
Iowa N.D. Iowa Christensen v. State of Iowa, 417 F. Supp. 423 (N.D. Iowa. 1976).
Iowa S.D. Iowa Health Care Equalization v. Iowa Med. Soc. , 501 F. Supp. 970 (S.D. Iowa. 1980).
Kan. D. Kan. Allen v. Hunter, 65 F. Supp. 365 (Dist. Court, D. Kansas, 1st Div. 1946). Error.
Ky. W.D. Ky. PPG Indus. v. Celanese Polymer Specialties Co. , 658 F. Supp. 555 (W.D. Ky. 1987).
Ky. E.D. Ky. Walsh v. Am. Airlines, Inc. , 264 F. Supp. 514 (E.D. Ky. 1967).
La. E.D. La. Crook v. Henderson, 310 F. Supp. 200 (E.D. La. 1970).
La. M.D. La. State of La. v. Sprint Commc'ns Co. , 899 F. Supp. 282 (Dist. Court, MD Louisiana 1995). Error.
La. W.D. La. Franklin v. Texas Int'l Petroleum Corp. , 324 F. Supp. 808 (W.D. La. 1971).
Md. D. Md. United States v. Maryland Bank & Trust Co. , 632 F. Supp. 573 (D. Md. 1986).
Mass. D. Mass. Doe v. Anrig, 561 F. Supp. 121 (D. Mass 1983).
Me. D. Me. Blackie v. State of Me. , 888 F. Supp. 203 (D. Me. 1995).
Mich. W.D. Mich. Post v. Textron, Inc. , 554 F. Supp. 419 (W.D. Mich. 1983).
Mich. E.D. Mich. US v. Kiang, 175 F. Supp. 2d 942 (E.D. Mich. 2001).
Minn. D. Minn. Haghighi v. Russian-Am. Broad. Co. , 945 F. Supp. 1233 (D. Minn. 1996).
Miss. N.D. Miss Latham v. Chandler, 406 F. Supp. 754 (Dist. Court, ND Mississippi, Greenville Div. 1976).
Miss. S.D. Miss. Connor v. Johnson, 330 F. Supp. 506 (Dist. Court, SD Mississippi, Jackson Div. 1971).
Mo. W.D. Mo. Papish v. Bd. of Curators of Univ. of Missouri, 331 F. Supp. 1321 (W.D. Mo. 1971).
Mo. E.D. Mo. Brusca v. State of Missouri ex rel. State Bd. of Ed. , 332 F. Supp. 275 (E.D. Mo. 1971).
Mont. D. Mont. Duffy v. Lipsman-Fulkerson & Co. , 200 F. Supp. 71 (D. Mont. 1961).
N.D. D.N.D. N. Dakota Family Alliance, Inc. v. Bader, 361 F. Supp. 2d 1021 (D.N.D. 2005).
N.H. D.N.H. Doe v. Friendfinder Network, Inc. , 540 F. Supp. 2d 288 (D.N.H. 2008).
N.M. D.N.M. City of El Paso v. Reynolds, 563 F. Supp. 379 (D.N.M. 1983).
N.C. W.D.N.C. US v. Hamrick, 720 F. Supp. 66 (W.D.N.C. 1989).
N.C. M.D.N.C. United States v. Veneri, 635 F. Supp. 1259 - Dist. Court, MD N. Carolina, Winston-Salem Winston-Salem Winsto, 1260 (alem Div. 1986). error
N.C. E.D.N.C. Shaw v. Barr, 808 F. Supp. 461 (E.D.N.C. 1992).
Neb. D. Neb. Monahan v. State of Neb. , 575 F. Supp. 132 (D. Neb. 1983).
Nev. D. Nev. Van Houten v. Ralls, 290 F. Supp. 67 (D. Nev. 1967).
N.J. D.N.J. New Jersey Tpk. Auth. v. PPG Indus. , 16 F. Supp. 2d 460 (D.N.J. 1998).
N.Y. S.D.N.Y. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc. v. Fox, 93 F. Supp. 2d 531 (S.D.N.Y. 2000).
N.Y. E.D.N.Y. Chatoff v. WEST PUBLISHING COMPANY, 948 F. Supp. 176 (E.D.N.Y. 1996).
N.Y. W.D.N.Y. ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, ETC. v. Crooks, 447 F. Supp. 243 (W.D.N.Y. 1978).
Ohio N.D. Ohio Glinsey v. Baltimore & Ohio R.R. Co. , 356 F. Supp. 984 (N.D. Ohio 1973).
Ohio S.D. Ohio Stewart v. Rhodes, 473 F. Supp. 1185 (S.D. Ohio 1979).
Okla. N.D. Okla. Thompson v. St. Louis-San Francisco Ry. Co. , 5 F. Supp. 785, 786 (Dist. Court, ND Oklahoma 1934).
Okla. E.D. Okla. Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma v. US, 190 F. Supp. 2d 1248 (Dist. Court, ED Oklahoma 2001).
Okla. W.D. Okla. Hall v. Burkett, 391 F. Supp. 237 (Dist. Court, WD Oklahoma 1975).
Or. D. Or. OREGON ENV. COUNCIL v. Kunzman, 614 F. Supp. 657 (Dist. Court, D. Oregon 1985). error
Pa. E.D. Pa. EQUAL EMP. OPP. COM'N v. Am. Tel. & Tel. Co. , 419 F. Supp. 1022 (E.D. Pa. 1976).
Pa. M.D. Pa. Prince v. Mukasey, 593 F. Supp. 2d 727, 728 (Dist. Court, MD Pennsylvania 2008). error
Pa. W.D. Pa. Favia v. Indiana Univ. of Pennsylvania, 812 F. Supp. 578 (W.D. Pa. 1993).
P.R. D.P.R. Diaz v. Antilles Conversion & Export, Inc. , 62 F. Supp. 2d 463 (Dist. Court, D. Puerto Rico 1999). error
R.I. D.R.I. Cook v. State of RI, Dept. of MHRH, 783 F. Supp. 1569 (D.R.I. 1992).
S.D. D.S.D. Konop v. Nw. Sch. Dist. , 26 F. Supp. 2d 1189 (D.S.D. 1998).
S.C. D.S.C. Hammond v. S. Carolina State Coll. , 272 F. Supp. 947 (D.S.C. 1967).
Tenn. E.D. Tenn. S.eastern Promotions, Inc. v. Conrad, 341 F. Supp. 465 (E.D. Tenn. 1972). error
Tenn. M.D. Tenn. Hinton v. Threet, 280 F. Supp. 831 (Dist. Court, MD Tennessee, Nashville Div. 1968). ERROR
Tenn. W.D. Tenn. Brandon v. Allen, 516 F. Supp. 1355 (W.D. Tenn. 1981).
Tex. S.D. Tex. Villar v. Crowley Mar. Corp. , 780 F. Supp. 1467 (S.D. Tex. 1992).
Tex. E.D. Tex. z4 Techs., Inc. v. Microsoft Corp. , 434 F. Supp. 2d 437E.D. Tex. 2006).
Tex. N.D. Tex. US BANK NAT. ASS'N v. Safeguard Ins. Co. , 422 F. Supp. 2d 698 (N.D. Tex. 2006).
Tex. W.D. Tex. Hopwood v. State of Tex. , 861 F. Supp. 551 (W.D. Tex. 1994).
Utah D. Utah Intellectual Reserve v. Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 75 F. Supp. 2d 1290 (D. Utah 1999).
Va. W.D. Va. Patterson Drug Co. v. Kingery, 305 F. Supp. 821 (W.D. Va. 1969).
Va. E.D. Va. Gilbert v. Gen. Elec. Co. , 347 F. Supp. 1058 (E.D. Va. 1972).
W. Va. N.D. W. Va. Williams v. Wheeling Steel Corp. , 266 F. Supp. 651 (N.D. W. Va. 1967).
W. Va. S.D. W. Va. Moomaw v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co. , 379 F. Supp. 697 (S.D. W. Va. 1974).
Wash. E.D. Wash. CONFED. TR. OF COLVILLE IND. RES. v. ST. OF WASH. , 412 F. Supp. 651 (E.D. Wash. 1976).
Wash. W.D. Wash. US v. State of Wash. , 873 F. Supp. 1422 (W.D. Wash. 1994).
Wis. E.D. Wis. Lessard v. Schmidt, 413 F. Supp. 1318 (E.D. Wis. 1976).
Wis. W.D. Wis. LAC COURTE OREILLES BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA IND. v. State of Wis. , 663 F. Supp. 682 (W.D. Wis. 1987).
Wyo. D. Wyo. Dworkin v. Hustler Magazine, Inc. , 647 F. Supp. 1278 (D. Wyo. 1986).

State Courts - Selected

Alabama Supreme Court SOUTHEASTERN MEATS OF PELHAM v. City of Birmingham, 895 So. 2d 909, 910 (Ala. 2004).
Alabama Ala. Civ. App. Tracy v. Tracy, 939 So. 2d 48 (Ala. Civ. App. 2006).
Alabama Ala. Crim. App. Sanders v. State, 947 So. 2d 432 (Ala. Crim. App. 2006).
Alaska Supreme Court Alaska Far E.Corp. v. Newby, 630 P.2d 533, 534 (Alaska 1981).
Alaska Court of Appeals Parks v. State, 731 P.2d 597 (Alaska: Court of Appeals 1987).
Arizona Supreme Court State v. McMurtrey, 691 P.2d 1099, 72 (Ariz. 1984). Error - the page 72 belongs to the parallel 143 Ariz. 71 (1984) cite.
Arizona Ariz. Ct. App. Spurlock v. Santa Fe Pac. R. Co., 694 P.2d 299, 472 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1984). (error - pinpoint cite is to Arizona Reporter.)
Arkansas Supreme Court Whiteside v. Russellville Newspapers, Inc., 295 S.W.3d 798, 799 (Ark. 2009).
Arkansas Ct. App. Aetna Cas. & Sur. Co. v. Dyer, 639 S.W.2d 536, 537 (Ark. Ct. App. 1982).
California Supreme Court Green v. State, 165 P.3d 118 (Cal. 2007).
California Cal. Ct. App. Brundage v. Hahn, 57 Cal. App. 4th 228, 230 (Cal. Ct. App. 1997).
Colorado Supreme Court City of Greeley v. Poudre Valley R. Elec., 744 P.2d 739, 740 (Colo: 1987). (error ":")
Colorado Colo. Ct. App. People v. Petschow, 119 P.3d 495, 498 (Colo. Ct. App. 2004).

We constantly strive to improve CiteStack, but as any law school graduate knows, formatting citations is not easy. Thus, CiteStack does not format every citation perfectly. For example, at present CiteStack relies on a header Google Scholar provides, and this header is not always accurate. As a result, some citations are incorrectly formatted. (For example, Scholarís caption for Orange County Argic. Society, Inc. v. Commír, 893 F.2d 529 (2d Cir.1990), reads "Orange County Agricultural Society, Inc., Petitioner-Appellant, v. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue, Respondent-Appellee." Scholar, however, replaces "Commissioner of Internal Revenue" with "CIR." At the present time, CiteStack uses this header to create its citation, and as a result CiteStackís citation reads "Orange County Argic. Society, Inc. v. CIR" rather than "Orange County Argic. Society, Inc. v. Commír.") Accordingly, you should independently check CiteStackís citation for your final work product.

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